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J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. Inpress.
doi: 10.34172/jsums.835
  Abstract View: 38

Original Article

Radiographic Evaluation of the Carrying Angle and Its Correlation with Various skeletal elements of the elbow joint in Iranian people

Akbar Karami ORCID logo, Sasan Barkhordari ORCID logo, Roya Najafi-Vosough ORCID logo, Elham Shiri ORCID logo, Zohreh Alizadeh* ORCID logo
*Corresponding Author: Email: alizadeh@umsha.ac.ir

Abstract

Background and aims: The evaluation of carrying angle and other anthropological features is important in determining deformities of the elbow. The aim of this study was to evaluate the carrying angle, and various skeletal elements in normal Iranian adults. Methods: The present study includes the elbow radiographs of 253 adolescence (87 women and 166 men). The carrying angle, articular surface angle, radial neck- shaft angle, and inter-epicondylar diameter have been measured. We performed a statistical analysis by sex and side for each measure. Spearman’s or Pearson’s correlations were used to detect the correlation between means. Results: The mean carrying angle, radial neck- shaft angle, articular surface angle and inter-epicondylar diameter were 19.72±7.68°, 11.21±4.45°, 85.19±7.62° and 85.80±66.47 (mm) respectively. Statistically significant differences were not found between left and right sides in all parameters for both males and females. The significant differences were found between sexes in inter-epicondylar diameter (p=0.0001). The significant negative correlation were found between the carrying angle and articular surface angle in both males(r=-0.29) and females(r=-0.33) but there was no significant correlation between the carrying angle and radial neck- shaft angle or inter-epicondylar diameter. Conclusions: The present study showed the mean value of carrying angle, radial neck- shaft angle, articular surface angle and inter-epicondylar diameter in Iranian people. The result of this study might can be useful in management of elbow disorders such as, fractures and displacement as well as elbow reconstruction surgery procedures.
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Submitted: 07 Dec 2022
Revision: 17 Jun 2023
Accepted: 18 Jun 2023
ePublished: 14 Apr 2024
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