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J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2021;23(3): 102-105.
doi: 10.34172/jsums.2021.17
  Abstract View: 69
  PDF Download: 64

Original Article

Study of the association between serum zinc concentration in pregnant women and preterm birth

Sheida Shabanian 1 ORCID logo, Abolfazl Khoshdel 2* ORCID logo, Majid Dezfuli 3 ORCID logo, Fatemeh Famouri 4 ORCID logo

1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
2 Clinical Biochemistry Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
3 Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
4 Department of Gasterology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Abolfazl Khoshdel, Clinical Biochemistry Research Center, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Rahmatiyeh, Shahrekord, Iran, Tel: +98 383 3338891, Fax: +98 383 2249506, Email: nikakhosh@gmail.com

Abstract

Background and aims: Preterm birth can cause high morbidity and mortality in women. Previous evidence has confirmed the association between zinc (Zn) deficiency in x women and some pregnancy complications. This study investigated the association between serum Zn concentration in pregnant women and preterm birth.

Methods: This case-control study focused on evaluating 76 pregnant women with preterm birth (case group) and 62 pregnant women with term birth (control group) and was conducted in the obstetrics ward of Hajar hospital, Shahrekord, Iran in 2014. The Zn level was measured by spectrophotometry and data were analyzed by SPSS, version 15.

Results: The prevalence of Zn deficiency was 95.6%. The mean of serum Zn concentration was 39.62±11.83 and 59.81±8.8 in the preterm and term delivery groups, respectively (P<0.001). Similarly, the mean of serum Zn concentrations was 43.06±15.6 and 50.46±13.8 in women with and without the rupture of pregnancy membranes, respectively (P=0.01). Based on the findings, the serum Zn concentration was not significantly associated with parity (P=0.634).

Conclusion: Although a decrease in the serum Zn concentration could lead to premature rupture of membranes during pregnancy and preterm birth, it could not be considered as the main factor for preterm birth. In addition, Zn deficiency was highly prevalent in pregnant women. Therefore, nutritional interventions should be performed to prevent complications due to the deficiency of micronutrients such as Zn so that to increase health maintenance in mothers and children.


Keywords: Serum, Zinc, Pregnant women, Preterm birth

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Submitted: 18 Aug 2019
Accepted: 10 Nov 2020
ePublished: 29 Sep 2021
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