Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2020;22(1): 17-21.
doi: 10.34172/jsums.2020.04
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Original Article

Postpartum depression and its correlation with spiritual health

Mohammadreza Noormohammadi 1 * ORCID logo, Lobat Jafarzade 2 ORCID logo, Seyed Kamal Solati 3 ORCID logo, Morteza Sedehi 4 ORCID logo, Mohammad Bagheri 5 ORCID logo, Ali Hasanpour Dehkordi 6 ORCID logo

1 Associate Professor, Department of Islamic Teachings, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
3 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
4 Assistant Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
5 MD, Department of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
6 Associate Professor, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Mohammadreza Noormohammadi, Associate Professor, Department of Islamic Teachings, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran, Tel: 09133815984, E-mail: noormohammadi33@yahoo.com

Abstract

Background and aims: Postpartum depression has a high prevalence in communities and needs great financial resources. On the other hand, the world views the spiritual health as a new and complementary dimension of health. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between postpartum depression and spiritual health.

Materials and Methods: This correlational-analytic study was conducted on 152 women who gave birth 8 months ago, referred to Hajar Hospital, Imam Ali hospital, Molavi clinic, or other health centers of Shahrekord, and were also satisfied with participating in the study. They were selected by the simple sampling method and completed the Palutzian and Ellison Spiritual Health Questionnaire. Finally, the collected data were entered in SPSS software and descriptive statistics in addition to the Pearson correlation coefficient and K2 test were used to analyze the data.

Results: In the present study, the mean age of the subjects was 29.15 (SD=5.45) with the range of 16-45 years. The mean scores of spiritual health and depression were obtained 96.3 and 8.94, respectively. The results of this study showed that the Pearson correlation coefficient was -75.5% (P˂ 0.001), demonstrating an inverse correlation between the scores of postpartum depression and spiritual health.

Conclusion: In general, the correlation between postpartum depression and spiritual health was an inverse correlation and the level of depression decreased by an increase in spiritual health. It can be concluded that without the need for specific treatments, the level of postpartum depression can be reduced by increasing the level of spiritual health.

Keywords: Spiritual health, Postpartum depression, Health, Psychiatric disorders
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Submitted: 16 Jun 2019
Accepted: 16 Sep 2019
ePublished: 28 Feb 2020
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