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J Shahrekord Univ Med Sci. 2022;24(1): 35-41.
doi: 10.34172/jsums.2022.07
  Abstract View: 802
  PDF Download: 643

Original Article

The effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy on medical science students’ subjective well-being, psychological distress, and emotion regulation

Zohreh Shahsavari Googhari 1 ORCID logo, Fariba Hafezi 1* ORCID logo, Parviz Asgari 1 ORCID logo, Alireza Heidari 1 ORCID logo

1 Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: *Corresponding Author: Fariba Hafezi, Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran. Tel: +986133348420, Fax: +986133329200, P.O. Box: 61349-37333, Email: , Email: fhaffezi@gmail.com

Abstract

Background and aims: Subjective well-being as a major prerequisite of health ensures mental and physical health, a long life, happiness, improved quality of life, and higher socioeconomic indices. The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on subjective well-being, psychological distress, and emotion regulation in medical science students.

Methods: The statistical population of this semi-experimental comprised all female students at Kerman University of Medical Sciences (Iran) in the academic year of 2019-2020. Forty-five students referring to the university counseling center were selected as the sample of the study using convenience sampling and randomly divided into two experimental groups and a control group (n=15 per group). The first and second experimental groups underwent eight 90- and 45-sessions (twice a week) of MBCT and of ACT, respectively. The research instruments included the Subjective Well-being Scale (SWS), the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale, and the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire.

Results: The results showed that MBCT and ACT were effective in improving the components of subjective well-being and emotion regulation in medical students (P<0.001). Moreover, MBCT and ACT significantly reduced the post-test scores of psychological distress subscales in the experimental group compared to the control group (P<0.001). Finally, no difference was observed between the two therapies in terms of effectiveness.

Conclusion: According to the results, MBCT and ACT effectively promoted female students’ subjective well-being and emotion regulation and alleviated their psychological distress.




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Submitted: 04 Oct 2021
Revision: 24 Nov 2021
Accepted: 29 Nov 2021
ePublished: 26 Jan 2022
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